Germany buys much less oil and gas from Russia
May 1, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Germany’s dependence on Russian energy sources is an asset in the hands of the Kremlin. Although the federal government continues to reject a full boycott of Russia, the share of Russian supplies in Germany’s energy needs has dropped drastically since the start of the war.
According to Federal Economics Minister Robert Habeck, Germany is rapidly reducing its energy dependence on Russia and expanding its energy supply. “Dependency on oil drops to 12%; on hard coal we are around 8% and on gas around 35%,” Habeck said of the second progress report. on energy security.
Since the first progress report of March 25, new measures have been taken. “Over the past few weeks, together with all stakeholders, we have made intensive new efforts to import less fossil fuels from Russia and to expand the supply,” Habeck explained.
All the steps required “a huge joint effort by all players and they also mean costs that the economy and consumers feel”, the minister said. “But they are necessary if we no longer want to be exposed to Russian blackmail.”
All these steps must always be thought of in relation to greater speed in the expansion of renewable energies and more progress in energy savings. “An accelerated energy transition is the keystone to a cheap, independent and secure energy supply for the future,” says Habeck.
“The necessary national effort”
Since the first report, progress has been made in reducing dependence on Russian energy imports, particularly oil and coal. Due to contract changes, hard coal imports from Russia have already fallen by 50% to around 8% since the start of the year.
In the case of oil, the oil industry has taken further steps in close cooperation with the ministry in recent weeks to end supply relations with Russia. “Contracts are not extended and are expiring, so in some cases larger shares of Russian oil have already been replaced.” In recent years, Germany has obtained more than a third of its oil from Russia.
According to the ministry, further progress has also been made in converting the gas supply, “but the process remains demanding”. Here, the share of Russian gas deliveries fell from more than 50% in previous years to around 35% in mid-April. On the other hand, natural gas purchases from Norway and the Netherlands increased and imports of liquid gas increased significantly.
Independence from Russian gas can only be achieved “through national effort”, according to the ministry. Many simultaneous steps by many actors are necessary – federal, state, local authorities, businesses and private households. In close cooperation with the federal states concerned, the federal government is working hard to bring several floating liquid gas terminals into operation in Germany as early as 2022 and 2023.